Opera house nets will be banned in all public and private waters throughout Victoria from July 1 next year.
The nets will be phased out in Victoria with new open top lift nets now more readily available to replace them.
Up until now, many fishers used opera house nets to target yabbies — unaware they could not be used in public waters in Victoria.
Open-top lift nets can be used in public and private waters and have proven to be effective yabby catchers.
As part of the changes, a one-for-one trade-in is planned, whereby fishers can trade in their old opera house nets for free open-top lift nets.
Trials have indicated wildlife-friendly gear such as open-top lift nets and hoop nets can catch more yabbies than opera house nets when fished actively.
The Victorian Fisheries Authority will work with groups on an awareness campaign.